Cuba Democracia y Vida

La voz en Suecia de los cubanos cívicos de intramuros y del exílio

Editor y Redactor: Guillermo Milán Reyes, Miembro del Instituto Nacional de Periodismo Latinoamericano (INPL)

For more publications in English
or Swedish click on respective
flag above

Cantidad de Visitantes: 58 537 740

Google


Enlaces :
DIARIO DE CUBA
INFOBAE
CUBANET

14 Y MEDIO. DIARIO HECHO EN CUBA.



CIBER CUBA.

WEB DE YOUTUBE DE LA UNIÓN PATRIÓTICA DE CUBA LAS GLORIOSAS FUERZAS PACÍFICAS UNPACU.

DIARIO LAS AMÉRICAS.COM



Observatorio Cubano de Derechos Humanos.
MEDICINA CUBANA
BUENAVISTA V CUBA WEBLOG
RELIGION EN REVOLUCION.
FOROFILO: Blog de Filosofía del Dr. Alberto Roteta Dorado.
PATRIA DE MARTÍ EN ESPAÑOL. DEL POLITÓLOGO Dr. Julio M. Shiling.
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCW8puy8WjMABrA7e7FUvG-A
CANAL EVTV
LA PATILLA. WEB VENEZOLANA DE NOTICIAS.









CUBITA NAO.
EL PITAZO
PANAM POST: NOTICIAS Y ANALISIS DE LAS AMERICAS.
DOLAR TODAY
EL NACIONAL. CARACAS VENEZUELA.
ABC.ES INTERNACIONAL
EL NUEVO HERALD
EL PAÍS
FORO ANTITOTALITARIO FANTU


 

Buena Vista V Cuba

Blog de Medic Cubana

Blog de Montaner

Blog Religión en Revolución

Blog Omni Zona Franca

Patria de Martí

Cuba Ind. y Democrática

Cubanet.org

Cuba 1952- 1959



The (Non) Right of Cubans to Travel. By Haroldo Dilla Alfonso.
  
10-02-2011

The (Non) Right of Cubans to Travel. By Haroldo Dilla Alfonso.web/folder.asp?folderID=215


The (Non) Right of Cubans to Travel

Haroldo Dilla Alfonso

Havana Times

February 01, 2011


-  A while ago, Cuban Parliament President Ricardo Alarcon was asked whether Cubans should be entitled the right to travel freely.  This prominent member of the island’s political elite responded —in the finest style of standup comedy— saying that if this right existed, the sky would become so filled with airplanes that some would collide with others, causing great a disaster.  In my opinion, the greater disaster was this official’s response.

This statement was probably no more disastrous than what was later said by the president of the Cuban National Union of Writers and Artists (UNEAC), writer Miguel Barnet.  He affirmed that in Cuba there exists complete freedom to travel, citing as an example the fact that he himself has traveled to thirty countries.  As I suspect he hopes to continue traveling, Barnet knows he must walk a thin line, otherwise he risks discrediting himself and seeing the end of his journeys.

Such collusion extends to a good part of the Cuban intellectual camp, including many “progressives” and “reformists” whose critical poses are so well-liked by foreign correspondents here in Havana.

A few weeks ago, a distinguished Cuban intellectual who resides in New York wrote to me disappointed by a well-known and active “verbal reformist” —a comrade of days gone by— who spent several minutes at a forum in Pittsburgh explaining that the only obstacle that his fellow Cubans face in traveling is obtaining a visa from the destination country.

Sometimes this matter is not mentioned so directly in self-rewarding displays of immodesty, as those of Barnet and the old friend; rather, they divert their sights, focusing insistently on the US side without distinguishing anything else around them.  It’s as if an epidemic of political pigmentary retinopathy has broken out on the island.

The Cuban intellectual world reacts in convulsions every time a travel visa to the United States is refused for a personality in Cuba – as happened with Silvio Rodriguez at the beginning of the Obama administration.  Similar responses result with the annual rejection of demands by the Cuban members of the Latin American Studies Association (within which there are many Cubans from the island, both reformists and hardliners); that advocates the US government grant greater freedom for American academics to travel to Cuba.  These are only a couple examples of this hypocritical collusion.

 

The situation in Cuba concerning the freedom to travel is unfortunate.  What I’m describing here is not for Cuban readers (who are all too familiar with this issue), but for those who are unaware of the matter and are forced to accept the information of those who close their eyes to this flagrant civil rights violation, a veritable wedge driven between the Cuban nation made up of both émigrés and those residing on the island.

Above all, travel for Cubans is not a right, but a legal privilege.  It is a condition that can be granted or rescinded.  It is a revocable concession by an unappealable power and is without a defined judicial framework.

In Cuba there are three ways to travel abroad:

1 – as someone holding an exceptional status, with which they can enter and leave almost freely at whatever moment they consider it necessary. This is granted to some people (but not all) who have married foreigners and to prominent members of the political and intellectual elite or their family members.  This would almost be a normal status if it didn’t have to be negotiated and if it weren’t revocable should the person demonstrate some type of political behavior unacceptable to the government.  Very few people are in this stratum.

2 – as someone who is leaving on an official assignment (officials, academics, artists and technicians). These individuals require an official institution to authorize and sponsor their trip, and in each case the person’s passport must be revalidated by Cuban authorities for each trip abroad.  If the person who leaves on one of these trips decides not to return to Cuba —if they “desert”— they then lose all rights of citizenship and cannot return to the country for several years (up to five); nor are their family members allowed to leave the island, which means the family is condemned to several years of separation.  Needless to say, if some academic demonstrates themselves to be particularly critical while on their trip, it’s possible that they will not see the inside of international airport terminal for quite some time.

3 – as someone going on a private trip, of which there are two categories.  The first category, opaque for most earthlings, is the “definitive” exit; meaning the person is emigrating and cannot return to live in Cuba.  With this they lose all of their rights and property on the island.

The second category includes people who plan to travel only temporarily.  They may remain outside the island for up to 11 months, after which time they must return or else they become “definitive migrants.”  In all cases the departure by such individuals must be specifically authorized by the Ministry of the Interior and by the institution where that person last worked.

Other categories of technicians exist —for doctors, for example— who cannot leave through this channel.  Likewise, there is a category for people considered “politically adverse,” for which the obstacles to exit are numerous.

The most dramatic case of denying the right to travel was that of Hilda Molina.  By then an elderly scientist, she had previously broken with the official party machine —to which she had once passionately adhered— and therefore her reunion with all of her family living in Argentina was denied for years, until the Cuban government finally conceded to a petition by Buenos Aires.

What is particularly negative is that people who want to travel temporarily cannot take their children (those below legal age). This is only possible when the person decides to emigrate “definitively.”

 

In all cases, the departures of these people imply considerable fees that can end up in well excess of US $500, an immense sum for a population with exceedingly depressed wages that average $20 a month.  In short, to leave, each person must be able to pay for a letter of invitation, a passport and an exit permit.

On top of this, once in the destination country, the traveler must make payments to the Cuban embassy in that country a sum that varies each month they remain in that country, which is a highly uncustomary practice. This sum fluctuates between $40 and $150  a month.

Deciding to live abroad

I have not been exhaustive in the preceding account because I prefer to proceed to briefly explain what happens when a person decides to reside in a foreign country (those apart from the very small minority that has been authorized to do so).

As noted, this person loses all of their property and rights in Cuba, which technically makes them an exile.  If at some time they wish to return, they can do so only as a visitor.  For this they must be specifically authorized by the government through a stamp that is placed in their passport and authorizes them to stay for 21 days.

Many Cubans are not authorized, not even in cases of family emergencies.  There exist groups of émigrés —the case of most of the 1994 “balseros” (boat people) — who face special difficulties in obtaining entry permits.  Others are authorized but are turned back once they land on Cuban soil.

They can only travel to the island under a Cuban passport, their current citizenship doesn’t matter; moreover, their citizenship must be renewed every two years at a cost of one hundred dollars.

The logical upshot is that Cuban émigrés live in legal limbo, since the Cuban government does not accept “returnees,” and because of that they are undesirable in many places.  A tragicomic example was that of a Cuban who had to spend 50 days in San Jose’s airport because he could neither enter Costa Rica nor return to Cuba – like what happened to Tom Hanks in his outstanding movie “The Terminal,” though without the prize of Catherine Zeta Jones.  Here, as  Oscar Wilde once said, life imitated art.

There are no laws or clearly written regulations covering these processes; rather, there are arbitrary and discretionary practices that mix starkly fascist reins of political control with mercurial motivations of the worst kind.  In this way, the Cuban government denies a right that it alternately sells to those who can afford it.

Cubans who travel abroad must behave with “political correctness” if they want to continue traveling, if they want see their loved ones again or if they want to one day return to Cuba – to the place where they were born, to feel fully Cuban.  That right has been expropriated by an authoritarian and repressive political elite that has —one by one— denied the values and the human goals of the revolution and socialism.

But we must pay them, and pay them well, so they can continue reproducing their power with the same parasitic style they’ve displayed over the last fifty years.

I’m sure that in the case of Cuban emigrants, we are faced with a situation of the uppercase violation of the rights of people and one which is the source of much human suffering.

Only for this reason it is worth our trouble to look into this matter and to begin to move in that direction.  We must even lend assistance to people like Miguel Barnet and the friend of days gone by, so they are not forced to stoop to such ignoble positions in the face of the brutish legal scaffold that the Cuban government has erected before them.

…simply so Cuba becomes better.

___________

 

 

Comentarios al artículo






 Get a new challenge


 
25-11-2022CUBA Documentary 2006: 'Rendezvous with Death'. The Cuban hand in the JFK-assassination. Lee Harvey Oswald and his contacts with G2- the Cuban secret service.
17-11-2022EU VIDEO: EU parliament on Cuba's slavery of professionals on international missions.
07-11-2022Ukraine VIDEO BBC: Mass burial sites grow in Ukrainian city bombarded by Russia
22-08-2022Ukraine VIDEO Radio Free Europe: Mapped: The 17 Ukrainian Villagers Killed Under Russian Occupation.
28-07-2022Al Jazeera VIDEO: Cuba: A deserted revolution? - Talk to Al Jazeera: In the Field.
22-06-2022Ukraine Video: Former Worker At Besieged Syevyerodonetsk Factory Says This Is Different From Mariupol Battle.
17-06-2022Ukraine VIDEOs Sky News: Severodonetsk and Lysychansk dubbed 'dead cities'. / Boris Johnson arrives in Kyiv in second surprise visit.
07-06-2022Ukraine VIDEO Radio Free Europe: Ukrainian Man Says He Survived Execution By Russians As Brothers Were Killed.
02-06-2022Ukraine Videos The Sun: Fighting intensifies in Rubizhne, eastern Ukraine as civilians hide in basements. Ukrainian troops blow up Russian tanks one-by-one in Marinka. Russian attack on Severodonetsk chemical plant. Ukraine missiles on Russian tank column
28-05-2022Ukraine Videos Sky News: Mykolaiv on edge as Russia closes in./ Lysychansk, a city bearing a sustained Russian assault, with civilians dying and mass graves being dug./UATV: Evacuation under russian fire of Severodonetsk area residents.
27-05-2022Ukraine AUDIO: Navalny Uses Court Appearance For Defiant Anti-War Speech.
27-05-2022Ukraine VIDEOs:  Sky News inside Severodonetsk as Russian forces close in./ Radio Free Europe: Kharkiv hit by renewed Russian shelling, nine dead.
27-05-2022Ukraine VIDEO: ITV News with the last evacuation team out of an encircled town. The scramble to rescue those surrounded on three sides by the Russian army in Lyman has become more urgent with each passing day.
25-05-2022Cuba VIDEO Oslo Freedom Forum: Carolina Barrero, Art and Resistance: The Story of a Citizen’s Uprisings in Cuba.
24-05-2022Ukraine VIDEOs Sky News: The desperate fight for Severodonetsk under siege./Defence analyst Professor Michael Clarke answers questions.
20-05-2022Cuba Decide VIDEO: The truth about the murder of Oswaldo Payá and Harold Cepero.
19-05-2022Ukraine VIDEOs Sky News: Professor Michael Clarke, British defence analyst gives his views and answers questions on the war in Ukraine. / Civilians struggle for survival in besieged Severodonetsk./ Evidence of new attacks in the Donbas region.
18-05-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: Russian images of the evacuation of ukrainian soldiers, many of them wounded, from Azovstal, Mariupol to separatist territory controlled by Russia. Ukraine will try to get them out. Soldiers still resist in Azovstal.
14-05-2022Ukraine Video/Audio: Life Under Russian Occupation Isn't Easy Even For Separatists. Intercepted phone call conversation between two separatists working for Russians in the occupied city of Kherson.
14-05-2022Ukraine VIDEO CNN: In a two-month-long investigation, CNN can reveal the russian commander responsible for the war crime attacks on Kharkiv.
13-05-2022Ukraine VIDEO: Ukraine begins first war crimes trial of Russian Soldier.
12-05-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: Intercepted Phone Calls. Here’ Why Russia Claims Only About 1000 Casualties Officially. / Russian soldiers’ bodies ‘piling up’ in Ukraine.
05-05-2022Ukraine AUDIO/VIDEOs: The Scariest Conversation Between Russian Soldier And His Mother! A Real Evidence Of Atrocities!/Russian Special Forces Aren't That Special Outside of Russia/Russian Soldiers Are Getting Creative In Hurting Themselves.
05-05-2022Ukraine VIDEO - AP: Closer to 600 dead in Mariupol theater attack on March 16.
02-05-2022Ukraine VIDEO: Mariupol Worse Than WWII Siege Of Leningrad, Says Ukrainian Holocaust Survivor.
30-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: Ukrainian man tortured by Russians for eight days and left in the forest to die, shares his harrowing story of survival with CNN. / Accused Russian soldier 'rapist' identified by ITV News team.
29-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: 300 villagers of Yahidne, Chernihiv region, were forced into a school basement and kept there in a squeezed area for 28 Days. / One of a number of ukrainian men subjected to fake executions./Villagers caught in war's crossfire.
25-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: Sky News returns to Saltivka a suburb of Kharkiv to see the devastation and how residents ar managing to survive./ Ukrainian Sappers Clear Fields Of Deadly Unexploded Shells And Mines.
25-04-2022Ukraine VIDEO: Azovstal bunker civilians cry, 'we want to live' after living underground for 2 months.
23-04-2022Ukraine VIDEO LIVE: Volodymyr Zelenskiy answers questions from the media in an area of the subway.
23-04-2022Ukraine VIDEO: Ucrainian soldiers bring food to the families in the bunkers of the steel plant in Mariupol. "I hope we can leave and see the sun again", says a pale child.
22-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: Defiant Ukrainian soldier says, "The fight for Mariupol is NOT over". Smoke rises as explosions sound at Mariupol's Azovstal plant, despite Putin's order not to attack but surround the plant. Russia claims victory in Mariupol.
20-04-2022Ukraine VIDEO Sky News: Michael Clarke, a defence analyst and former director-general of the Royal United Services Institute, answering questions on the war in Ukraine.
19-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: Russia drops bunker busting bombs on Mariupol's last stronghold the steel plant where many civilians are hiding./Intercepted call: Russian soldier excited about bombing Mariupol steel plant "Azovstal". Pleas for evacuation.
18-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: 2,500 Ukrainian forces in Mariupol set to fight to the end. Devastation in Ukrainian city of Mariupol (March 17). Russia 'trying to destroy everyone' in Mariupol, warns Ukraine's President Zelenskyy (April 17).'AZOV' commander message.
13-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOS: Three war crimes in Bucha reflect the senseless murder of Ukrainians by Russian troops. Claims of chemical weapons attack in Mariupol surface. Russia is conducting forced deportation of Ukrainians from Mariupol.
11-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: 'Any Nazis Here?': A Liberated Village Of Andriyivka, Near Kyiv, Recalls Russian Occupation. Ukrainian farmer says 'over 100 animals burned alive' after Russian shelling.
09-04-2022Ukraine VIDEO: Troubling discoveries inside Chernobyl after Russians fled. The russians kept 169 national guard members prisoners inside the nuclear plant and brought them to Russia. They also contaminated areas inside the plant with radioactive dust.
09-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOS: Boris Johnson welcomed to Kyiv by Volodymyr Zelensky. Statements by President Volodymyr Zelensky and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Boris Johnson.
09-04-2022Ukraine VIDEO: Russia withdraws from Chernihiv, residents wait for aid.
07-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: Chernobyl Power plant workers./Russian dug trenches in Chernobyl exclusion zones./ Drone images Chernobyl trenches./The interior of an abandoned russian base camp in a forest near Kyiv. /Trostyanets systematically destroyed.
06-04-2022 Ukraine Videos: For Ivankiv finally the day of salvation, but grim accounts of how Russian soldiers treated women in the area. Borodyianka a ghost town left in ruins and Death.  Survivors in Borodyanka after its liberation.
05-04-2022Ukraine VIDEO: Donetsk residents in desperate bid to head west away from russian forces.
04-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: They Killed People Systematically: Bucha Residents Describe War Crimes By Expelled Russian Forces. / The Burned-Out Streets Of Irpin's 'Sweet Home' Neighborhood./Zelensky visited Bucha, Irpin and Stoyanka.
03-04-2022Ukraine VIDEO: Russian troops withdrew from the village of Andriivka, west of Kyiv, after a month of waging war and terrorizing residents.
03-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOS: A masacre was committed in Bucha. Massgraves and bodies of civilians shot in the streets, some of them tied up..
01-04-2022Ukraine VIDEOs: Russian Bombing Continues In Liberated Village of Kukhari, Near Kyiv. Destruction On The Road To Kharkiv. Ruined Streets Of Kharkiv Become Front Line.
30-03-2022Ukraine video: Ukrainian forces recaptured the town of Trostyanets in eastern Ukraine, occupied since February 24th. After one month of russian looting and abuses the population gather to get help.
28-03-2022Ukraine VIDEO: Town of Izyum hit by heavy shelling: "This is what the russians call liberation ! ".
27-03-2022Ukraine VIDEO Vice News: Battle for the South of Ukraine in the area of Mykolaiv.





Editores y Redactore: 
Guillermo Milán


 Colaboradores:

Julio M. Shiling

Lcdo. Sergio Ramos

Carlos

Referencia en línea
Diccionario, enciclopedia y más
Palabra:
Buscar en:
Diccionario de español
Diccionario de inglés
Diccionario de alemán
Diccionario de francés
Diccionario de italiano
Diccionario de árabe
Diccionario de chino (S)
Diccionario de polaco
Diccionario de portugués
Diccionario de holandés
Diccionario de noruego
Diccionario de griego
Diccionario de ruso
Diccionario de turco
Sólo en inglés:


  
 

Canal YouTube
de CDV.ORG
CANAL YOU TUBE DE CubaDemocracia y Vida.org


 

 
PRESOS POLITICOS
 
 
 
              MÉDICO ESCRITOR             
         Dr. Eloy A. González.     
NUEVO LIBRO:
"Una Patria atesorada
para muchos y

perdida para otros
"  

MÉDICO ESCRITOR Dr. Eloy A. González. NUEVO LIBRO:  “Una Patria atesorada para muchos y perdida para otros”
 MÉDICO ESCRITOR Dr. Eloy A. González. NUEVO LIBRO:  “Una Patria atesorada para muchos y perdida para otros”
 
 Cuba: Derechos Humanos.
DERECHOS HUMANOS : HUMAN RIGHTS

CUBA:
REPRESORES CUBANOS.
ESBIRROS CASTRISTAS
Cuba: PÁGINA PARA REGISTRAR A LOS REPRESORES O ESBIRROS DE LA TIRANÍA DE LOS CASTRO.

 Cuba: Represión.
REPRESIÓN EN CUBA

Videos de UNPACU
CUBANOS DE A PIE OPINAN. VIDEOS REALIZADOS POR LA GLORIOSA UNPACU:

Noticias sobre Venezuela:
TODO SOBRE VENEZUELA.

 Sobre el Mártir Oswaldo Payá:
OSWALDO PAYA SARDIÑAS: NOTAS DE PRENSA, DOCUMENTOS, VIDEOS, NOTICIAS.

Sobre Orlando Zapata.
ORLANDO ZAPATA TAMAYO. MÁRTIR DE CUBA. VIDEOS, ARTÍCULOS, OPINIONES, DOCUMENTOS Y NOTICIAS.

Cuba: Damas de Blanco.
DAMAS DE BLANCO

Canal VIMEO de CDV.ORG
 Canal VIMEO de CubaDemocraciayVida.org
  MÉDICO Y ESCRITOR ELOY A. 
  GONZÁLEZ:
NUEVO LIBRO:       
 “Una Patria atesorada para  
muchos y perdida para otros”
MÉDICO Y ESCRITOR ELOY A. GONZÁLEZ: EXCELENTE NUEVO LIBRO:  “Una Patria atesorada para muchos  y perdida para otros”
MÉDICO Y ESCRITOR ELOY A. GONZÁLEZ: EXCELENTE NUEVO LIBRO:  “Una Patria atesorada para muchos  y perdida para otros”

 

Haga Click en la imagen abajo para
comprar este excelente libro del
Escritor, e
Ingeniero Químico
Roberto L. Capote Castillo.

 Nuevo Libro N° 48: "Desde las orillas del Sena". Tomo XXVII. Serie “Cartas a Ofelia”. Por Félix José Hernández.

BIBLIOCUBA:  Crónicas coleccionables. Libros “Cartas a Ofelia” . Félix José Hernández

NUEVO LIBRO DEL ABOGADO Faisel Iglesias: "DOLOR Y PERDON" LA HISTORIA DE LA MUSICA CUBANA A TRAVÉS DE BENNY MORE (En español)

 Libro: "ASÍ  SE VOTA EN CUBA": Cuba es una pequeña Corea del Norte. Dijo el autor del libro Leandro Querido.

Haga CLIC AQUÍ
para comprar el libro
en la editorial de origen
.
 

ESCRITOR ELOY A. GONZÁLEZ:
NUEVO LIBRO:
Notas sobre
la religiosidad del
cubano bajo una
dictadura  prolongada.
CLICK LA IMAGEN DEBAJO

NUEVO LIBRO DE ELOY A. GONZÁLEZ: Notas sobre la religiosidad del cubano bajo una dictadura prolongada.

La Habana bien
vale unos Títulos
Por el Dr. Eloy A González.
CLICK  LA IMAGEN DEBAJO
“La Habana bien vale unos Títulos”. Una selección de artículos sobre Salud, Medicina y Educación Médica en Cuba. Por el Dr. Eloy A. González.

  Click debajo y Compre
este
hermoso libro
de Manolo Pozo.
"Aurora-Poesía": Nuevo libro de Manolo Pozo. Escritor, Periodista Independiente, fue durante 14 años columnista del periódico "20 de Mayo", Ex-Prisionero Político cubano y Miembro del Nuevo Presidio Político Plantado.

 MOVIMIENTO CRISTIANO LIBERACION
EL BLOG DE DANILO MALDONADO, "EL SEXTO".
RADIO REPÚBLICA CUBA
ATeVe
ICLEP: INSTITUTO CUBANO POR LA LIBERTAD DE EXPRESIÓN Y PRENSA.
YUSNABY POST.
CUBANOS DE ADENTRO Y DE ABAJO
PUENTE DEMOCRATICO
VIDEOS DESDE CUBA: CRIOLLO "LBERAL".
PRO CUBA LIBRE
NEO CLUB
ARCHIVO CUBA
LIBERTAD DIGITAL
TELEVISIÓN ESPAÑOLA EN VIVO. TRES CANALES EN DIRECTO: CANAL 24H, CANAL 1 DE LA TVE Y CANAL DE DEPORTE.
BLOG DEL DR. MICHAEL LARRONDO: Médicos Disidentes sin Censura.
 



Content Management System SimpleCMS

©2005-2022 Cuba Democracia y Vida.
E-mail: info@cubademocraciayvida.org