Cuba Democracia y Vida

La voz en Suecia de los cubanos cívicos de intramuros y del exílio

Editor y Redactor: Guillermo Milán Reyes, Miembro del Instituto Nacional de Periodismo Latinoamericano (INPL)

For more publications in English
or Swedish click on respective
flag above

Cantidad de Visitantes: 26 520 636

Google


Enlaces
UNIÓN PATRÍÓTICA DE CUBA: WEB DE LAS GLORIOSAS FUERZAS PACÍFICAS DENTRO DE CUBA "UNPACU".
WEB DE YOUTUBE DE LA UNIÓN PATRIÓTICA DE CUBA LAS GLORIOSAS FUERZAS PACÍFICAS UNPACU.
CUBA: #TODOS MARCHAMOS.
MUD: MESA DE LA UNIDAD DEMOCRÁTICA. VENEZUELA.
DIARIO DE CUBA
CUBANET
MARTÍ NOTICIAS
NTN24 VENEZUELA: VIDEOS YOUTUBE
MEDICINA CUBANA
RELIGION EN REVOLUCION.
DOLAR TODAY
ESTADO DE SATS. VIDEOS: ARTE Y PENSAMIENTO.
MOVIMIENTO DE LAS DAMAS DE BLANCO

PATRIA DE MARTI

"VOZ DEL DESTIERRO". LA PÁGINA DE JUAN CARLOS HERRERA ACOSTA. EX-PRESO POLÍTICO CUBANO DESTERRADO PARA ESPAÑA
Los hijos que nadie quiso. El blog de Ángel Santiesteban-Prats.
MARÍA ELVIRA SALAZAR:
EL NACIONAL. CARACAS VENEZUELA.

DIARIO LAS AMÉRICAS.COM
NOTICIAS SOBRE VENEZUELA
SOBERANÍA.ORG
Foro por los Derechos y Libertades
Observatorio Cubano de Derechos Humanos.
PAYO LIBRE
NACAN: VIDEOS DESDE CUBA.
EL LAGARTO VERDE

RADIO REPÚBLICA CUBA
ABC.ES INTERNACIONAL
DESDE CUBA: Un portal de periodismo ciudadano.
EL NUEVO HERALD
MADURADAS
INFOBAE
LA PATILLA. WEB VENEZOLANA DE NOTICIAS.
ATeVe
ICLEP: INSTITUTO CUBANO POR LA LIBERTAD DE EXPRESIÓN Y PRENSA.
THE WALL STREET JOURNAL. ESPAÑOL.
EL PAÍS
Desde Cuba: 14 Y MEDIO.



Cuba's Internet repression equals groupthink. Cuba remains one of the world's most repressive environments for the Internet and information technologies. By José Azel.
  
27-02-2011

Cuba's Internet repression equals groupthink. Cuba remains one of the world's most repressive environments for the Internet and information technologies. By José Azel.web/folder.asp?folderID=215

Cuba’s Internet repression equals groupthink

By José Azel

Miami Herald

February 27, 2011

Cuba remains one of the world’s most repressive environments for the Internet and information technologies. The Cuban government has created a dual system with a national intranet and the global Internet. Most Cubans have access only to the national intranet which consists of an in-country e-mail system, a Cuban encyclopedia and websites that are supportive of the government.

Cuba’s only two Internet service providers are state owned and surveillance is extensive. Less than 2 percent of the population (mostly government officials) has access to the Internet. Whatever connectivity is available costs about $12 per hour in a country where the average monthly salary is less than $20.

Additionally, Cuban regulations state that e-mail messages must not jeopardize national security; forbid the spreading of information that is against the “integrity” of the people; provide that all material intended for publication on the Internet must first be approved by the National Registry of Serial Publications; and prohibit service providers from granting access to individuals not approved by the government.

The extent of Cuba’s political cyber police efforts was vividly captured in a recently leaked video of a 2010 behind-closed-doors lecture to an audience mostly in military uniforms. The lecturer, a counter-intelligence cybernetic specialist, defines the Internet as a field of battle that the government must use to its advantage. He boasts of a new group created within the Interior Ministry to work against bloggers. He warns of the dangers of “classic combat networks” such as Facebook and Twitter and notes how protests in Iran and Ukraine were “created” when social networks were used to incite people to protest.

What must the Cuban leadership be thinking of the events in Tunisia, Egypt and elsewhere?

The Cuban government has been remarkably successful in sealing the consciousness of the Cuban people from the outside world with a doctrine of intellectual isolationism and an all encompassing revolutionary dogma of intellectual autarky. Fidel Castro made it explicitly clear in a 1961 speech in which he famously warned intellectuals: “Within the Revolution everything, against the Revolution, nothing.”

But this intellectual autarky has also produced a classic case of what social psychologist Irving Janis called “groupthink,” a type of thought characteristic of cohesive in-groups whose members try to minimize conflict and reach consensus without critically testing, analyzing, and evaluating ideas. In a groupthink environment decision-makers ignore alternatives and tend to follow irrational programs of action.

A case in point is General Raúl Castro’s new economic program formulated, in his words, “to save Cuba from the economic abyss” and outlined in a 32-page economic platform for the upcoming Communist Party Congress.

A centerpiece of Castro’s program is the firing of up to 1.3 million government workers — about 20 percent of the workforce — and allowing them to become self-employed “outside the government sector.” In the Cuban version of Orwellian doublespeak, that stands for the unspeakable private sector.

This assumes that everyone is temperamentally suited to become an entrepreneur and to do so without access to cash, credit, raw materials, equipment, or technology. Groupthink is also evident in how those selected for dismissal will be chosen. A commission of experts will decide the optimal number of personnel required for each state entity and workers’ commissions will decide the positions to be cut.

But perhaps most illustrative of the Cuban government’s groupthink (and as Dave Barry might say, I am not making this up) is the specificity with which the Cuban “reformers” have decided to allow those being fired to solicit permits to become self employed in 178 activities such as:

Trade No. 23, the purchases and sale of used books; 29, attendants of public bathrooms (presumably for tips); 34, pruning of palm trees; 49, wrapping buttons with fabric; 61, shoe shining; 62, cleaning of spark plugs; 110, box spring repairs (not to be confused with number 116); 116, mattress repairs; 124, umbrella repairs; 125, refilling of disposable cigarette lighters; 150, tarot cards fortune telling; 156, dandy (technical definition unknown, male escort?); 158, natural fruits peeling (separate from 142, selling fruits in kiosks).

In his economic dreamland of surrealist juxtapositions, Castro and his team believe that allowing this bizarre list of self-employment activities is the way to save the communist system. This surrealistic disconnect — the product of incestuous intellectual inbreeding — flows from Cuba’s doctrine of intellectual isolationism where Cubans are unable to receive information freely and exchange ideas openly.

In Cuba, long-held Marxists-Leninist assumptions will not be swapped for another set of beliefs without a democratic leadership that, inspired and sustained by freedoms of speech, press, assembly, petition, and religion, can defeat the tyranny of groupthink.

José Azel is a senior scholar at the University of Miami Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies and the author of Mañana in Cuba.

____________

 

Comentarios al artículo






 Get a new challenge


 
28-06-2016Cubas Port of Mariel Lags Behind Panama Canal Expansion. By Yoani Sanchez. 14ymedio. 
25-06-2016Cuba and Global Communism. By Julio M. Shiling.
24-06-2016Venezuela and the Years of Fidel Castro's Hysteria. By Iván García.  
24-06-2016Oscar Biscet's Cuba. By Daniel Allott.
22-06-2016Venezuela: Mass Famine Is Imminent as Neighbors, Washington Stand By. PanAm Post.
20-06-2016Baltimore Tourist Says Racism Exists in Cuba. By Lenore T. Adkins.
18-06-2016Cuba's Healthcare System Is A Shambles, Why Are We Partnering With Them? Humberto Fontova.
16-06-2016The Power of the People, This is Real Power. By Rosa Martinez. Havana Times.
14-06-2016Cuba sees nickel output steady at 56,000 tonnes; low prices bite. By Sarah Marsh.
13-06-2016Signed: El Sexto. By Jay Nordlinger.
13-06-2016Costly Delays in the Port of Havana. By Pilar Montes. Havana Times.
13-06-2016Obama vs. the dissidents. By Jackson Diehl.
08-06-2016Venezuela: Let's Stop the Messenger. By Caridad. Havana Times.
08-06-2016Getting the Story Right in Venezuela. By Michael Rowan. LAHT.
07-06-2016Speech in Cuba: A Freedom under Threat. By Luis Felipe Rojas.
07-06-2016The North Korea-Cuba Connection. By Samuel Ramani.
04-06-2016Obama Administration Hosts Cuban Border Guard Visits. By Bill Gertz.
04-06-2016From eight years in Cuban prison to acclaimed dissident. By Lomi Kriel.
02-06-2016It Can't Just Be a Business Deal. By Oscar Elias Biscet and Jordan Allott.
01-06-2016Cuba's Export Blood Business: An Unpreedented Case of State-Trafficking.
01-06-2016"Venezuela's sinking… clap clap". By Caridad. Havana Times.
31-05-2016Cuba's Greatest Problem. By Veronica Vega. Havana Times.
31-05-2016On U.S.-Cuba military cooperation, proceed with caution. Washington Post Editorial.
26-05-2016Shameful Friends. By Yoani Sanchez.
25-05-2016Cuba Is Seeing Increasing Work Protests. By Vicente Morín Aguado. Havana Times.
23-05-2016The Persistence of Racism in Cuba. By Alberto N. Jones. Havana Times.
20-05-2016Castro's Cuba is a Private Party. By Martín Guevara. Havana Times.  
19-05-2016Maduro and the Country That is Disintegrating in His Hands. By Yoani Sánchez. 14ymedio. 
17-05-2016Food in Cuba. By Rosa Martínez. Havana Times.
17-05-2016Who is going to pay for the potato loss? By Frank Correa. Cubalog.eu.
15-05-2016Brazil And The Decline Of Latin American Left-Wing Populism. By Jorge Hernández Fonsece. 14ymedio.
13-05-2016Servile Talents. By Fernando Dámaso.
12-05-2016Absurdity: 'The irrevocability and the permanence of Cuban socialism'. By Fernando Dámaso.
12-05-2016Democracy Phobia among Senior Cuban Communists. By Isbel Diaz Torres. Havana Times. 
11-05-2016Castro's Kicks and the Applause of the Sheep. By Luis Felipe Rojas.
10-05-2016Cuba in the Name of Deception. By Maykel Paneque. Havana Times.
06-05-2016Cuba gets High Fashion with No Shame. By Martín Guevara. Havana Times.
03-05-2016'Venezuela Is Worse Than Cuba'. By Henry Constantin. 14ymedio.
02-05-2016Goodbye, Jaime Ortega. Diario de Cuba - editorial.
30-04-2016Cuba Will Lose One Million People In Next Decade. By Abel Fernandez and Mario Penton. 14ymedio.
27-04-2016Cubans on the Borders. By Fernando Dámaso. 
26-04-2016Cubas Communist Party Congress: Cringing With Embarrassment. By Isbel Tíaz Torres. Havana Times.
26-04-2016The Repression Obama Did Not See in Havana. By Iván García. With two videos.
25-04-2016The Obama Revolution and the Average Cuban. By Iván García. DLA.
25-04-2016To change Cuba, speak up for democracy again and again. The Washington Post - Editorial Board.
23-04-2016Miriam Celaya - "I ask for a minutes standing ovation, gentlemen: the Communist Party of Cuba has died."
23-04-2016Foreign Minister's criticism of Obama's Cuba visit betrays nervousness. The number two man at Cubas embassy in Madrid calls the guest a "wolf in sheeps clothing". 14ymedio.
22-04-2016Between Transfusions. By Fernando Dámaso.
22-04-2016Eduardo Cardet, MCL national coordinator: The leaders feel "threatened" after Obamas visit, "they fear losing power". 14ymedio.
20-04-2016Thinking About America Amid the Red Rocks of Arizona. By Orlando Luis Pardo Lazo. 14ymedio. 




ESPAÑOL:
Importante doc. UNPACU:
Programa Mínimo
y Proyecciones.

ENGLISH: 
A Minimal Programme and
Projections UNPACU.


GUILLERMO MILAN REYES. Representante de La Unión Patriótica de Cuba (UNPACU) en Suecia. EDITOR Y REDACTOR DE: "CUBA DEMOCRACIA Y VIDA. ORG"
Eva Belfrage: Representante de la Unión Patriótica de Cuba (UNPACU) en Suecia. Editor and collaborator for the English/Swedish page of “Cuba Democracia y Vida”



ALBERTO GUTIÉRREZ BARBERO. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.

CARLOS DÍAZ OLIVERA- Representante de La Unión Patriótica de Cuba (UNPACU) en Croacia.: Artículos y Opiniones.

Julio M. Shiling. Escritor, Periodista y Analista Político: ARTÍCULOS, OPINIONES, VIDEOS Y DOCUMENTOS.

HÉCTOR LEMAGNE SANDO:. Representante de La Unión Patriótica de Cuba (UNPACU) en Unión/City NJ. EE.UU: ARTÍCULOS, NOTAS DE PRENSA Y OPINION.

Dr Eloy González. 

Pedro Corzo. Periodista cubano asilado político en EE.UU: ENTREVISTAS, OPINIONES, ARTÍCULOS, Y DOCUMENTOS.


Lcdo. Sergio Ramos. Artículos, Opiniones y Notas de Prensa.

JORGE HERNÁNDEZ FONSECA. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.

FÉLIX JOSÉ HERNÁNDEZ: ARTÍCULOS, ARTE Y LITERATURA. 

Alfredo M. Cepero. Artículo, Documentos y Notas de Prensa.

HUGO J. BYRNE: ESCRITOR CUBANO Y ANALISTA POLÍTICO ASILADO EN EE.UU. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.

PROFESOR JOSÉ VILASUSO: ARTICULOS, OPINIONES Y ENTREVISTAS.

GUILLERMO MILAN REYES. EDITOR Y REDACTOR DE ESTA PÁGINA WEB: "CUBA DEMOCRACIA Y VIDA. ORG" 

Desde Cuba: MARTHA BEATRIZ ROQUE CABELLO. Colaboradora de esta página Web "Cuba Democracia y Vida.ORG"

CARICATURAS DE ALFREDO PONG.

MARTIN GUEVARA. ARTÍCULOS, ENTREVISTAS Y OPINIONES.

SER CAMPESINO EN UN PAÍS LIBRE. ENTREVISTA AL SEÑOR ALF HOLMSTEN. Por: Guillermo Milán Reyes. Editor y redactor de "Cuba Democracia y Vida".

Entrevistas realizadas a Guillermo Milán Reyes, editor y redactor de esta página Web "Cuba Democracia Y Vida, por varios periodistas de importantes periódicos en Maputo-Mozambique, a mediados del 2004.


RESUMEN EN ESPAÑOL DE LA ENTREVISTA HECHA A GUILLERMO MILÁN POR EL PERIÓDICO SUECO " TIDNINGEN ÅNGERMANLAND"


DIARIO LA MARINA: PUEDES LEER NOTICIAS DESDE 1899 HASTA 1960.

Referencia en línea
Diccionario, enciclopedia y más
Palabra:
Buscar en:
Diccionario de español
Diccionario de inglés
Diccionario de alemán
Diccionario de francés
Diccionario de italiano
Diccionario de árabe
Diccionario de chino (S)
Diccionario de polaco
Diccionario de portugués
Diccionario de holandés
Diccionario de noruego
Diccionario de griego
Diccionario de ruso
Diccionario de turco
Sólo en inglés:


VIDEOS DE LA GLORIOSA UNPACU:
CUBANOS DE A PIE OPINAN. VIDEOS REALIZADOS POR LA GLORIOSA UNPACU:

Cuba: Derechos Humanos.
DERECHOS HUMANOS : HUMAN RIGHTS

Cuba: Represión.
REPRESIÓN EN CUBA

 Sobre el Mártir Oswaldo Payá:
OSWALDO PAYA SARDIÑAS: NOTAS DE PRENSA, DOCUMENTOS, VIDEOS, NOTICIAS.

¿QUÉ COSA ES UN ACTO DE REPUDIO EN CUBA CASTRISTA?

Sobre Orlando Zapata.
ORLANDO ZAPATA TAMAYO. MÁRTIR DE CUBA. VIDEOS, ARTÍCULOS, OPINIONES, DOCUMENTOS Y NOTICIAS.

Web: Ojo sobre Cuba.
OJO SOBRE CUBA

Cuba: Damas de Blanco.
DAMAS DE BLANCO

Noticias sobre Venezuela:
TODO SOBRE VENEZUELA.

Canal YouTube de CDV.ORG
CANAL YOU TUBE DE CubaDemocracia y Vida.org

Canal VIMEO de CDV.ORG
Canal VIMEO de CubaDemocraciayVida.org

ESTADO DE SATS: ENTREVISTA Y NOTICIAS.

EL BLOG DE DANILO MALDONADO, "EL SEXTO".
DESDE CUBA: YUSNABY BLOG.
MOVIMIENTO CRISTIANO LIBERACION
YUSNABY POST.
EJERCITO LIBERTADOR ACTIVO.
CUBANOS DE ADENTRO Y DE ABAJO
PUENTE DEMOCRATICO
VIDEOS DESDE CUBA: CRIOLLO "LBERAL".
ESTADO DE SATS. PÁGINA WEB: Foro de Análisis...
PRO CUBA LIBRE
NEO CLUB
ARCHIVO CUBA
LIBERTAD DIGITAL
TELEVISIÓN ESPAÑOLA EN VIVO. TRES CANALES EN DIRECTO: CANAL 24H, CANAL 1 DE LA TVE Y CANAL DE DEPORTE.
LA CURRA DE CUBA. Blog de Iliana Curra. Ex-Presa Política Cubana. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
VOA: VOZ DE AMÉRICA.
TELEMADRID
La felicidad es una pistola caliente.
MISCELANEAS DE CUBA
 



  • Content Management System SimpleCMS

    ©2005-2016 Cuba Democracia y Vida.
    E-mail: info@cubademocraciayvida.org