Cuba Democracia y Vida

La voz en Suecia de los cubanos cívicos de intramuros y del exílio

Editor y Redactor: Guillermo Milán Reyes, Miembro del Instituto Nacional de Periodismo Latinoamericano (INPL)

For more publications in English
or Swedish click on respective
flag above

Cantidad de Visitantes: 13 643 319


Google


Enlaces
DIARIO DE CUBA
NTN24 VENEZUELA: VIDEOS YOUTUBE
MARTÍ NOTICIAS
NTN24 EN VIVO.
CUBANET
DOLAR TODAY

NOTICIAS SOBRE VENEZUELA
EL NACIONAL. CARACAS VENEZUELA.
SOBERANÍA.ORG
MADURADAS
PAYO LIBRE
INFOBAE
LA PATILLA. WEB VENEZOLANA DE NOTICIAS.
EL VENEZOLANO TV
MEDICINA CUBANA
MEGA TV
RELIGIÓN EN REVOLUCIÓN
BLOG DE CECILIA MOLINERO: LARACHEVALGOMAS: ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
América Tvé. Canal 41
UNPACU
UNPACU WEB
NACAN: VIDEOS DESDE CUBA.
VOCES CUBANAS (DESDE CUBA)
MOVIMIENTO CRISTIANO LIBERACION. (MCL) OSWALDO PAYÁ.
ESTADO DE SATS: VIDEOS.
RADIO REPÚBLICA CUBA

PRO CUBA LIBRE
PUENTE DEMOCRÁTICO
PERIODICO CUBANO GUAMÁ: ACTUALIDAD NOTICIOSA DE CUBA.
EL NUEVO HERALD
PATRIA DE MARTÍ de Julio M. Shilin.
EL UNIVERSAL. VENEZUELA
VIDEOS DESDE CUBA: CRIOLLO "LBERAL".
DIARIO LAS AMÉRICAS.COM
ABC.ES INTERNACIONAL
PEDAZOS DE LA ISLA
VIDEOS DESDE CUBA. "Reporta sin Censura Cuba"
HABLEMOS PRESS DESDE CUBA
"VOZ DEL DESTIERRO". LA PÁGINA DE JUAN CARLOS HERRERA ACOSTA. EX-PRESO POLÍTICO CUBANO DESTERRADO PARA ESPAÑA
LA CURRA DE CUBA. Blog de Iliana Curra. Ex-Presa Política Cubana. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.

ARCHIVO CUBA
EL LAGARTO VERDE
PUNT DE VISTA.
LIBERTAD DIGITAL
LA CUBANANADA.COM de Alexis  Ferrer.
TELEVISIÓN ESPAÑOLA EN VIVO. TRES CANALES EN DIRECTO: CANAL 24H, CANAL 1 DE LA TVE Y CANAL DE DEPORTE.
EL PAÍS
ALJAZEERA



Cuba's Internet repression equals groupthink. Cuba remains one of the world's most repressive environments for the Internet and information technologies. By José Azel.
  
27-02-2011

Cuba's Internet repression equals groupthink. Cuba remains one of the world's most repressive environments for the Internet and information technologies. By José Azel.web/folder.asp?folderID=215

Cuba’s Internet repression equals groupthink

By José Azel

Miami Herald

February 27, 2011

Cuba remains one of the world’s most repressive environments for the Internet and information technologies. The Cuban government has created a dual system with a national intranet and the global Internet. Most Cubans have access only to the national intranet which consists of an in-country e-mail system, a Cuban encyclopedia and websites that are supportive of the government.

Cuba’s only two Internet service providers are state owned and surveillance is extensive. Less than 2 percent of the population (mostly government officials) has access to the Internet. Whatever connectivity is available costs about $12 per hour in a country where the average monthly salary is less than $20.

Additionally, Cuban regulations state that e-mail messages must not jeopardize national security; forbid the spreading of information that is against the “integrity” of the people; provide that all material intended for publication on the Internet must first be approved by the National Registry of Serial Publications; and prohibit service providers from granting access to individuals not approved by the government.

The extent of Cuba’s political cyber police efforts was vividly captured in a recently leaked video of a 2010 behind-closed-doors lecture to an audience mostly in military uniforms. The lecturer, a counter-intelligence cybernetic specialist, defines the Internet as a field of battle that the government must use to its advantage. He boasts of a new group created within the Interior Ministry to work against bloggers. He warns of the dangers of “classic combat networks” such as Facebook and Twitter and notes how protests in Iran and Ukraine were “created” when social networks were used to incite people to protest.

What must the Cuban leadership be thinking of the events in Tunisia, Egypt and elsewhere?

The Cuban government has been remarkably successful in sealing the consciousness of the Cuban people from the outside world with a doctrine of intellectual isolationism and an all encompassing revolutionary dogma of intellectual autarky. Fidel Castro made it explicitly clear in a 1961 speech in which he famously warned intellectuals: “Within the Revolution everything, against the Revolution, nothing.”

But this intellectual autarky has also produced a classic case of what social psychologist Irving Janis called “groupthink,” a type of thought characteristic of cohesive in-groups whose members try to minimize conflict and reach consensus without critically testing, analyzing, and evaluating ideas. In a groupthink environment decision-makers ignore alternatives and tend to follow irrational programs of action.

A case in point is General Raúl Castro’s new economic program formulated, in his words, “to save Cuba from the economic abyss” and outlined in a 32-page economic platform for the upcoming Communist Party Congress.

A centerpiece of Castro’s program is the firing of up to 1.3 million government workers — about 20 percent of the workforce — and allowing them to become self-employed “outside the government sector.” In the Cuban version of Orwellian doublespeak, that stands for the unspeakable private sector.

This assumes that everyone is temperamentally suited to become an entrepreneur and to do so without access to cash, credit, raw materials, equipment, or technology. Groupthink is also evident in how those selected for dismissal will be chosen. A commission of experts will decide the optimal number of personnel required for each state entity and workers’ commissions will decide the positions to be cut.

But perhaps most illustrative of the Cuban government’s groupthink (and as Dave Barry might say, I am not making this up) is the specificity with which the Cuban “reformers” have decided to allow those being fired to solicit permits to become self employed in 178 activities such as:

Trade No. 23, the purchases and sale of used books; 29, attendants of public bathrooms (presumably for tips); 34, pruning of palm trees; 49, wrapping buttons with fabric; 61, shoe shining; 62, cleaning of spark plugs; 110, box spring repairs (not to be confused with number 116); 116, mattress repairs; 124, umbrella repairs; 125, refilling of disposable cigarette lighters; 150, tarot cards fortune telling; 156, dandy (technical definition unknown, male escort?); 158, natural fruits peeling (separate from 142, selling fruits in kiosks).

In his economic dreamland of surrealist juxtapositions, Castro and his team believe that allowing this bizarre list of self-employment activities is the way to save the communist system. This surrealistic disconnect — the product of incestuous intellectual inbreeding — flows from Cuba’s doctrine of intellectual isolationism where Cubans are unable to receive information freely and exchange ideas openly.

In Cuba, long-held Marxists-Leninist assumptions will not be swapped for another set of beliefs without a democratic leadership that, inspired and sustained by freedoms of speech, press, assembly, petition, and religion, can defeat the tyranny of groupthink.

José Azel is a senior scholar at the University of Miami Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies and the author of Mañana in Cuba.

____________

22-04-2014Studying Medicine and Desecrating Tombs in Cuba. By Juan Juan Almeida.
22-04-2014A Cuba Crime Report. By Irina Echarry.
22-04-2014Former CIA agent, now in Havana, discusses Gadhafi's 'secret World'. Por Juan O. Tamayo.
21-04-2014Dialog, Why? By Orlando Luis Pardo Lazo.
21-04-2014Sonia Garro - Three Easters in Cuban Prison. By Mary Anastasia O'Grady.
20-04-2014Maduro's first year, and what's next. By Andres Oppenheimer.
18-04-2014Cuba's Mariel Development Zone Unmasked: The workers will get only 32% of their salary and the state takes 68%. An unfavorable exchange rate will be used. By Pedro Campos.
18-04-2014On Gabo's Passing. By Capitol Hill Cubans.
17-04-2014Venezuela Raises Iron Hand Against Protesters. By Juan Forero and Ezequiel Minaya. WSJ.
17-04-2014Prayers for Alan Gross' freedom on Passover 2014. By Rabbi Abraham Cooper.
16-04-2014A Lesson for the Ingenuous: How Cuba Took Over Venezuela. By Moisés Naim.
15-04-2014Eleven Years Since the Baraguá. By Lilianne Ruiz.
15-04-2014"I Only Know That I Am Afraid". By Tania Diez Castro.
15-04-2014Driving in Reverse. By Miriam Celaya.  
14-04-2014Venezuelas Agony: Weak President, Strong Generals, Riots and Cocaine.
13-04-2014Cat-and-mouse secrecy game plays out daily in Cuba. By Juan O. Tamayo.
11-04-2014Democracy in the Times of the Energy Crisis. By Erasmo Calzadilla.
10-04-2014Dialogue is the Last Chance for Venezuela, Washington Commentators Say (VIDEO).
09-04-2014Dad, I Want to Go to La Yuma. By Victor Ariel Gonzalez.
09-04-2014A Dictatorship Exactly Like the Cuban? By Orlando Luis Pardo Lazo.
08-04-2014The Voices of Cubans? by Miriam Celaya.
07-04-2014A cold case with connections to Cuba? By Juan O. Tamayo.
07-04-2014Venezuela: The bottom has a basement. By Ambar de la Croux.
06-04-2014The Difficult Task of Eating Lunch and Dinner. By Leon Padron Azcuy.
06-04-2014Venezuelans wary that food ID cards are thin end of rationing wedge. By Virginia López. The Guardian.
06-04-2014Caracas chaos: Venezuelan general on the run. By Philip Sherwell. The Telegraph.
05-04-2014Is Venezuela The New Arab Spring? Why The Movement Resembles Egypt More Than Brazil. By Patricia Rey Mallén.
05-04-2014Freeing Cuba One Tweet at a Time. Bloomberg Editors.
03-04-2014The Castro Regime Kills and Doesn't Lie. By Orlando Luis Pardo Lazo.
03-04-2014In Cuba Policy Debate, Theories Don't Cut It. By Mauricio Claver-Carone.
02-04-2014Venezuela's byzantine exchange-rate system: A fistful of dollars, or perhaps not. By The Economist.
02-04-2014Maduro's Paramilitary Groups. By TalCual. LAHT.
01-04-2014Angel Santiesteban reveals the behaviour against him of an Associated Press correspondent, who in Cuba is ill reputed for manipulating the news in favor of the dictatorship.
31-03-2014Cuba's past raises skepticism about new foreign investment law. By Daniel Trotta and Marc Frank.
31-03-2014Armed pro-govt militias roil Venezuela protests. By Fabiola Sanchez and Frank Bajak.
30-03-2014Use and Abuse of the Lab Coat. By Fernando Damaso.
29-03-2014Cuba and the Dominican Republic on very different paths. By Roland Alum.
28-03-2014Carromero's Last Days: By Orlando Luis Pardo Lazo.
28-03-2014Cuba Seeks Investors with an Old Publicity Strategy. By Juan Juan Almeida.
27-03-2014Venezuela's Failing State. By Leopoldo López.
27-03-2014Russia pivots toward Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua. By Ilan Berman.
27-03-2014Testimony of Mauricio Claver-Carone before the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the U.S. House of Representatives. Capitol Hill Cubans.
26-03-2014Repression with a Brazilian scent. By Gustavo Hernandez Acevedo.
24-03-2014My incarceration is not enough for the dictatorship. By Ángel Santiesteban-Prats.
24-03-2014With Venezuela in a tailspin, growing number of Jews opting for Plan B. By Uriel Heilman.
24-03-2014With or Without the Organization of American States (OAS). By Orlando Luis Pardo Lazo.
23-03-2014A Lightning Bolt That Keeps Shining in the Darkness. By TalCual. LAHT. (VIDEO)
22-03-2014Venezuela's unending tale of murder and sorrow. By Oakland Ross.
22-03-2014Russian Missiles Positioned In Caracas Are Ominous Sign Repression Will Worsen. By Joseph Humire.
22-03-2014Inside the barrios. Support among the poor for the government of Nicolás Maduro is conditional. By The Economist.





GUILLERMO MILAN REYES. EDITOR Y REDACTOR DE ESTA PÁGINA WEB: "CUBA DEMOCRACIA Y VIDA. ORG"
Eva Belfrage: Editor and collaborator for the English/Swedish page of “Cuba Democracia y Vida”

Desde Cuba: MARTHA BEATRIZ ROQUE CABELLO. Colaboradora de esta página Web "Cuba Democracia y Vida"
AIMÉE CABRERA: PERIODISTA INDEPENDIENTE CUBANA. VIVE ACTUALMENTE EN CUBA.
Cecilia Molinero Flores: ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
MANOLO POZO: ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
ALBERTO GUTIÉRREZ BARBERO. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
HÉCTOR LEMAGNE: ARTICULOS Y OPINIONES.
Dr. Eloy A. González: ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
Lcdo. Sergio Ramos. Artículos, Opiniones y Notas de Prensa.
Alfredo M. Cepero. Artículo, Documentos y Notas de Prensa.
JORGE HERNÁNDEZ FONSECA. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
HUGO J. BYRNE: ESCRITOR CUBANO Y ANALISTA POLÍTICO ASILADO EN EE.UU. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
Dr. Darsi Ferrer Ramírez: COMPATRIOTA EXILIADO EN EE.UU. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
Julio M. Shiling. Escritor, Periodista y Analista Político: ARTÍCULOS, OPINIONES, VIDEOS Y DOCUMENTOS.
MARTIN GUEVARA. ESCRITOR ARGENTINO QUE SE CRIÓ EN CUBA. ES SOBRINO DEL CHE GUEVARA. VIVE ACTUALMENTE EN ESPAÑA.
JUAN FELIPE QUINTERO: ARTÍCULOS DOCUMENTOS Y OPINIONES.
Pedro Juan López Díaz:ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
"ANTÚNEZ" JORGE LUÍS GARCÍA PÉREZ. DESDE CUBA COLABORADOR DE "CUBA DEMOCRACIA Y VIDA"
Guillermo Fariñas, opositor cubano y premio Sajarov 2010. NOTICIAS E INFORMACIONES DESDE CUBA.
CARICATURAS DE ALFREDO PONG.
ILIANA CURRA. EX-PRESA POLÍTICA CUBANA. ESCRITORA Y ANALISTA POLÍTICA. COLABORADORA DE ESTA PÁGINA WEB "CUBA DEMOCRACIA Y VIDA"
Yirko Saavedra: ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.
Profesor José Vilasuso Rivero. Abogado cubano. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES. 
SER CAMPESINO EN UN PAÍS LIBRE. ENTREVISTA AL SEÑOR ALF HOLMSTEN. Por: Guillermo Milán Reyes. Editor y redactor de "Cuba Democracia y Vida".
Entrevistas realizadas a Guillermo Milán Reyes, editor y redactor de esta página Web "Cuba Democracia Y Vida, por varios periodistas de importantes periódicos en Maputo-Mozambique, a mediados del 2004.
RESUMEN EN ESPAÑOL DE LA ENTREVISTA HECHA A GUILLERMO MILÁN POR EL PERIÓDICO SUECO " TIDNINGEN ÅNGERMANLAND"
GUILLERMO MILAN REYES. EDITOR Y REDACTOR DE ESTA PÁGINA WEB: "CUBA DEMOCRACIA Y VIDA. ORG"
DIARIO LA MARINA: PUEDES LEER NOTICIAS DESDE 1899 HASTA 1960.

Referencia en línea
Diccionario, enciclopedia y más
Palabra:
Buscar en:
Diccionario de español
Diccionario de inglés
Diccionario de alemán
Diccionario de francés
Diccionario de italiano
Diccionario de árabe
Diccionario de chino (S)
Diccionario de polaco
Diccionario de portugués
Diccionario de holandés
Diccionario de noruego
Diccionario de griego
Diccionario de ruso
Diccionario de turco
Sólo en inglés:


 COMPRE EL NUEVO LIBRO "VIVENCIAS" DE NUESTRA QUERIDA COMPATRIOTA LA ESCRITORA Y EX-PRESA POLÍTICA CUBANA, ILIANA CURRA.

    Noticias sobre Venezuela:
TODO SOBRE VENEZUELA.

Sobre el Mártir Oswaldo Payá:
OSWALDO PAYA SARDIÑAS: NOTAS DE PRENSA, DOCUMENTOS, VIDEOS, NOTICIAS.

DERECHOS HUMANOS : HUMAN RIGHTS

REPRESIÓN EN CUBA

DAMAS DE BLANCO

ORLANDO ZAPATA TAMAYO. MÁRTIR DE CUBA. VIDEOS, ARTÍCULOS, OPINIONES, DOCUMENTOS Y NOTICIAS.

CANAL DE VIDEOS YOUTUBE DE "CUBA DEMOCRACIA Y VIDA.ORG"

ESTADO DE SATS: ENTREVISTA Y NOTICIAS.





Content Management System SimpleCMS

©2005-2014 Cuba Democracia y Vida.
Teléfono: (46)8 731 95 03 . E-mail: info@cubademocraciayvida.org