Cuba Democracia y Vida

La voz en Suecia de los cubanos cívicos de intramuros y del exílio

Editor y Redactor: Guillermo Milán Reyes, Miembro del Instituto Nacional de Periodismo Latinoamericano (INPL)

For more publications in English
or Swedish click on respective
flag above

Cantidad de Visitantes: 32 867 717

Google


Enlaces
UNIÓN PATRÍÓTICA DE CUBA: WEB DE LAS GLORIOSAS FUERZAS PACÍFICAS DENTRO DE CUBA "UNPACU".
WEB DE YOUTUBE DE LA UNIÓN PATRIÓTICA DE CUBA LAS GLORIOSAS FUERZAS PACÍFICAS UNPACU.
CUBA: #TODOS MARCHAMOS.
MUD: MESA DE LA UNIDAD DEMOCRÁTICA. VENEZUELA.
DIARIO DE CUBA
CUBANET
NTN24 AMÉRICAS
NTN24 VENEZUELA: VIDEOS YOUTUBE
NOTICIAS PRO-CASTRISTAS: CAMBIO DE BOLA.
UNIVERSO INCREIBLE- OSCAR SUAREZ
MARTÍ NOTICIAS
MEDICINA CUBANA
RELIGION EN REVOLUCION.
DOLAR TODAY
ESTADO DE SATS. VIDEOS: ARTE Y PENSAMIENTO.
PATRIA DE MARTI
"VOZ DEL DESTIERRO". LA PÁGINA DE JUAN CARLOS HERRERA ACOSTA. EX-PRESO POLÍTICO CUBANO DESTERRADO PARA ESPAÑA
EL NACIONAL. CARACAS VENEZUELA.
DIARIO LAS AMÉRICAS.COM
Observatorio Cubano de Derechos Humanos.
NACAN: VIDEOS DESDE CUBA.
FORO ANTITOTALITARIO FANTU
RADIO REPÚBLICA CUBA
ABC.ES INTERNACIONAL
EL NUEVO HERALD
INFOBAE
LA PATILLA. WEB VENEZOLANA DE NOTICIAS.
ATeVe
ICLEP: INSTITUTO CUBANO POR LA LIBERTAD DE EXPRESIÓN Y PRENSA.
EL PAÍS
Desde Cuba: 14 Y MEDIO.



Cuba's Internet repression equals groupthink. Cuba remains one of the world's most repressive environments for the Internet and information technologies. By José Azel.
  
27-02-2011

Cuba's Internet repression equals groupthink. Cuba remains one of the world's most repressive environments for the Internet and information technologies. By José Azel.web/folder.asp?folderID=215

Cuba’s Internet repression equals groupthink

By José Azel

Miami Herald

February 27, 2011

Cuba remains one of the world’s most repressive environments for the Internet and information technologies. The Cuban government has created a dual system with a national intranet and the global Internet. Most Cubans have access only to the national intranet which consists of an in-country e-mail system, a Cuban encyclopedia and websites that are supportive of the government.

Cuba’s only two Internet service providers are state owned and surveillance is extensive. Less than 2 percent of the population (mostly government officials) has access to the Internet. Whatever connectivity is available costs about $12 per hour in a country where the average monthly salary is less than $20.

Additionally, Cuban regulations state that e-mail messages must not jeopardize national security; forbid the spreading of information that is against the “integrity” of the people; provide that all material intended for publication on the Internet must first be approved by the National Registry of Serial Publications; and prohibit service providers from granting access to individuals not approved by the government.

The extent of Cuba’s political cyber police efforts was vividly captured in a recently leaked video of a 2010 behind-closed-doors lecture to an audience mostly in military uniforms. The lecturer, a counter-intelligence cybernetic specialist, defines the Internet as a field of battle that the government must use to its advantage. He boasts of a new group created within the Interior Ministry to work against bloggers. He warns of the dangers of “classic combat networks” such as Facebook and Twitter and notes how protests in Iran and Ukraine were “created” when social networks were used to incite people to protest.

What must the Cuban leadership be thinking of the events in Tunisia, Egypt and elsewhere?

The Cuban government has been remarkably successful in sealing the consciousness of the Cuban people from the outside world with a doctrine of intellectual isolationism and an all encompassing revolutionary dogma of intellectual autarky. Fidel Castro made it explicitly clear in a 1961 speech in which he famously warned intellectuals: “Within the Revolution everything, against the Revolution, nothing.”

But this intellectual autarky has also produced a classic case of what social psychologist Irving Janis called “groupthink,” a type of thought characteristic of cohesive in-groups whose members try to minimize conflict and reach consensus without critically testing, analyzing, and evaluating ideas. In a groupthink environment decision-makers ignore alternatives and tend to follow irrational programs of action.

A case in point is General Raúl Castro’s new economic program formulated, in his words, “to save Cuba from the economic abyss” and outlined in a 32-page economic platform for the upcoming Communist Party Congress.

A centerpiece of Castro’s program is the firing of up to 1.3 million government workers — about 20 percent of the workforce — and allowing them to become self-employed “outside the government sector.” In the Cuban version of Orwellian doublespeak, that stands for the unspeakable private sector.

This assumes that everyone is temperamentally suited to become an entrepreneur and to do so without access to cash, credit, raw materials, equipment, or technology. Groupthink is also evident in how those selected for dismissal will be chosen. A commission of experts will decide the optimal number of personnel required for each state entity and workers’ commissions will decide the positions to be cut.

But perhaps most illustrative of the Cuban government’s groupthink (and as Dave Barry might say, I am not making this up) is the specificity with which the Cuban “reformers” have decided to allow those being fired to solicit permits to become self employed in 178 activities such as:

Trade No. 23, the purchases and sale of used books; 29, attendants of public bathrooms (presumably for tips); 34, pruning of palm trees; 49, wrapping buttons with fabric; 61, shoe shining; 62, cleaning of spark plugs; 110, box spring repairs (not to be confused with number 116); 116, mattress repairs; 124, umbrella repairs; 125, refilling of disposable cigarette lighters; 150, tarot cards fortune telling; 156, dandy (technical definition unknown, male escort?); 158, natural fruits peeling (separate from 142, selling fruits in kiosks).

In his economic dreamland of surrealist juxtapositions, Castro and his team believe that allowing this bizarre list of self-employment activities is the way to save the communist system. This surrealistic disconnect — the product of incestuous intellectual inbreeding — flows from Cuba’s doctrine of intellectual isolationism where Cubans are unable to receive information freely and exchange ideas openly.

In Cuba, long-held Marxists-Leninist assumptions will not be swapped for another set of beliefs without a democratic leadership that, inspired and sustained by freedoms of speech, press, assembly, petition, and religion, can defeat the tyranny of groupthink.

José Azel is a senior scholar at the University of Miami Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies and the author of Mañana in Cuba.

____________

 

Comentarios al artículo






 Get a new challenge


 
24-05-2017Cuba's Fake Transport Co-ops. By Pedro Campos.
23-05-2017Economic Crime, the Pitfall in the Path. By Yoani Sánchez. 14ymedio.
19-05-2017Cuba: totalitarianism is alive and well. By Cuba Archive.
11-05-2017Cubazuela threatens regional security. By Juan Antonio Blanco. Diario de Cuba.
08-05-2017Venezuelas New Constituent Assembly Takes Page From Fascisms Playbook. By Angelo Florez de Andrade. PanAm Post.  
07-05-2017Medicine Shortages in Cuba Are Becoming More Severe. By Osmel Ramirez Alvarez. Havana Times.
01-05-2017Trump: 100 Days in the White House and Not a Single Word About Cuba. 14ymedio.
26-04-2017How Cuban State Security Intimidates Potential Informants. By Iván García.  
26-04-2017Cuban Counterintelligence Plays Hardball with Journalists. By Iván García.
25-04-2017Electricity in Cuba: Black Market Prices or Subsidized? By Osmel Ramirez Alvarez. Havana Times.
22-04-2017Cuba: Risk of Health Crisis Due to Lack of Potable Water. By Iván García.  
17-04-2017Can Anything Be Done to Help Venezuela Survive? By Michael Rowan. LAHT.
13-04-2017You Know Why Cubans Flee Cuba En Masse… By Cubalex.
13-04-2017Cuba Denies the Work of Informal Civil Society in Defending Human Rights. Cubalex.
10-04-2017Luis Almagro, SG of OAS, calls on the Government of Venezuela to respect the voice of the people. "Weapons do not legitimize a government, elections do".
09-04-2017Special rapporteurs, human trafficking in Cuba and fake news. How the Associated Press outdid the Obama State Department in downplaying Cuba's human trafficking problem. By Notes from the Cuban Exile Quarter.
03-04-2017Volunteer Blood Donors Ignore The Cuban Regimes Business Dealings. By Iván García.
03-04-2017Maduro Continues to Be a Danger for Everyone. By Carlos Alberto Montaner.
03-04-2017Maduro Closes His Fist Around Venezuela. By Yoani Sanchez. 14ymedio.
02-04-2017Former FARC Guerrillas to Train as Doctors and Journalists in Cuba. By Juan Juan Almeida.
28-03-2017Cuba: more reliant on the US than ever. By Roberto Alvarez Quiñones. Diario de Cuba.
28-03-2017A Brief Example of Institutionalized Racism in Cuba. By Isbel Diaz Torres. Havana Times.
26-03-2017Travel agencies getting sued for misrepresenting conditions in Cuba to Tourists. By Notes from the Cuban Exile Quarter.
26-03-2017The Hidden Side of Cuba's New Medical Bills. By Pedro Campos. Havana Times.
22-03-2017A Year After Obamas Visit, Cubans Feel Disillusioned With His Legacy. By Luz Escobar. 14ymedio.
22-03-2017Raul Castro Squandered His Last Chance. By Yoani Sánchez. 14ymedio.
21-03-2017Cuba: To Live As Third Class Citizens. By Iván García.  
21-03-2017How Can You Fight Injustice in Cuba? By Osmel Ramirez Alvarez. Havana Times.
15-03-2017Cuban Journalists Demand Greater Access To Sources. By Luz Escobar. 14ymedio.  
14-03-2017Enslaved Doctors. By Antonio José Ponte. Diario de Cuba.
13-03-2017Venezuelas Maduro: Fidel Castro Gave Chavez and Me Instructions on How to Run Venezuela.
12-03-2017Utopia's Courtesans. By Yoani Sánchez. 14ymedio.
11-03-2017Repression in Cuba Comes in Many Forms. By Osmel Ramirez Alvarez. Havana Times. 
08-03-2017The Day of the Woman in Cuba, More Honored in the Breach. By Yoani Sánchez. 14ymedio.  
08-03-2017US drastically cut visas for Cuban visitors in 2016. The declining trend could continue. By Wilfredo Cancio Isla. Havana Times.
06-03-2017Growing Old in Cuba: Luck or Misfortune? By Ana Leon. Cubanet.
06-03-2017Cuba Kills Another Dissident. By Mary Anastasia O'Grady. WSJ.
03-03-2017Cuba: "Revolutionary Integration" As A Form Of Social Control. Cubalex.
02-03-2017The energy that Castroism is stifling. By Roberto Alvarez Quiñones. Diario de Cuba.
27-02-2017Will Havana Taxi Drivers Up the Ante? By Irina Echarry. Havana Times.
27-02-2017A brave act in Cuba deserves American support. Washington Post Editorial.
25-02-2017Cuba: Intimidation, Scapegoats & the Perpetuation of Social Problems. By Alberto N. Jones. Havana Times. 
22-02-2017Broken Dreams. Cubalex.
18-02-2017The Spirit Of The Executions Still Haunts La Cabaña. By Tania Diaz Castro. Cubanet.  
18-02-2017Remarks by Maria Werlau, Cuba Archives, at opening of Juan Abréus exhibit "Executed 1959" at the European Parliament in Brussels.
12-02-2017Measuring Hopelessness. By Yoani Sanchez. Translating Cuba/El País. 
12-02-2017Informers Approved by the Cuban Government. By Iván García.
10-02-2017Did the regime pay its creditors 5.29 billion? By Roberto Alvarez Quiñones. Diario de Cuba.
07-02-2017The Importance in Cuba of Having a "Lever". By Alexander Londres. Havana Times.
05-02-2017When Life Is In The Hands Of Human Traffickers. By Yoani Sánchez. 14ymedio.




GUILLERMO MILAN REYES. EDITOR Y REDACTOR DE ESTA PÁGINA WEB: "CUBA DEMOCRACIA Y VIDA. ORG" Representante en Suecia de la UNPACU. cubademocraciayvida.org web/folder.asp?folderID=136 

Eva Belfrage: Representante de la Unión Patriótica de Cuba (UNPACU) en Suecia. Editor and collaborator for the English/Swedish page of “Cuba Democracia y Vida”

ALBERTO GUTIÉRREZ BARBERO. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.

CARLOS DÍAZ OLIVERA- Representante de La Unión Patriótica de Cuba (UNPACU) en Croacia.: Artículos y Opiniones.

Dr. Alberto Roteta Dorado. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES. Colaborador de "CubaDemocraciayVida.org".

Dr. Michel Larrondo: ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES. Colaborador de "CubaDemocraciayVida.org".

Marta M. Requeiro Dueñas. Cubana. Escritora y poeta de formación autodidacta.: ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES. Colaboradora de "CubaDemocraciayVida.org".

Lcdo. Sergio Ramos. Artículos, Opiniones y Notas de Prensa.

Pedro Corzo. Periodista cubano asilado político en EE.UU: ENTREVISTAS, OPINIONES, ARTÍCULOS, Y DOCUMENTOS.

Julio M. Shiling. Escritor, Periodista y Analista Político: ARTÍCULOS, OPINIONES, VIDEOS Y DOCUMENTOS.

HÉCTOR LEMAGNE SANDO:. Representante de La Unión Patriótica de Cuba (UNPACU) en Unión/City NJ. EE.UU: ARTÍCULOS, NOTAS DE PRENSA Y OPINION.

Lic. Rolando Gallardo Torres: ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES. Colaborador de "CubaDemocraciayVida.org".

Manolo Pozo. Ex-Preso Político cubano. Analista político.

MARTIN GUEVARA. ARTÍCULOS, ENTREVISTAS Y OPINIONES.

Alfredo M. Cepero. Artículo, Documentos y Notas de Prensa.

JORGE HERNÁNDEZ FONSECA. ARTÍCULOS Y OPINIONES.

Dr Eloy González.

PROFESOR JOSÉ VILASUSO: ARTICULOS, OPINIONES Y ENTREVISTAS.

Desde Cuba: MARTHA BEATRIZ ROQUE CABELLO. Colaboradora de esta página Web "Cuba Democracia y Vida.ORG"

Entrevistas realizadas a Guillermo Milán Reyes, editor y redactor de esta página Web "Cuba Democracia Y Vida, por varios periodistas de importantes periódicos en Maputo-Mozambique, a mediados del 2004.

SER CAMPESINO EN UN PAÍS LIBRE. ENTREVISTA AL SEÑOR ALF HOLMSTEN. Por: Guillermo Milán Reyes. Editor y redactor de "Cuba Democracia y Vida".

RESUMEN EN ESPAÑOL DE LA ENTREVISTA HECHA A GUILLERMO MILÁN POR EL PERIÓDICO SUECO " TIDNINGEN ÅNGERMANLAND"

GUILLERMO MILAN REYES. EDITOR Y REDACTOR DE ESTA PÁGINA WEB: "CUBA DEMOCRACIA Y VIDA. ORG"

CARICATURAS DE ALFREDO PONG.

DIARIO LA MARINA: PUEDES LEER NOTICIAS DESDE 1899 HASTA 1960.

ESPAÑOL:
Importante doc. UNPACU:
Programa Mínimo
y Proyecciones.

ENGLISH: 
A Minimal Programme and
Projections UNPACU.


Referencia en línea
Diccionario, enciclopedia y más
Palabra:
Buscar en:
Diccionario de español
Diccionario de inglés
Diccionario de alemán
Diccionario de francés
Diccionario de italiano
Diccionario de árabe
Diccionario de chino (S)
Diccionario de polaco
Diccionario de portugués
Diccionario de holandés
Diccionario de noruego
Diccionario de griego
Diccionario de ruso
Diccionario de turco
Sólo en inglés:


 

Presos Políticos de UNPACU
Presos Políticos de UNPACU

 Cuba: Derechos Humanos.
DERECHOS HUMANOS : HUMAN RIGHTS

CUBA: REPRESORES CUBANOS.
ESBIRROS CASTRISTAS
Cuba: PÁGINA PARA REGISTRAR A LOS REPRESORES O ESBIRROS DE LA TIRANÍA DE LOS CASTRO.

Cuba: Represión.
REPRESIÓN EN CUBA

Videos de UNPACU
CUBANOS DE A PIE OPINAN. VIDEOS REALIZADOS POR LA GLORIOSA UNPACU:

"LO QUE NO NOS MATÓ":
Para comprar este agradable
libro sobre la situación del
cubano de a pie, de Marta M.
Requeiro Dueñas, CLICK EN LA
IMAGEN DEBAJO.

LIBRO: "LO QUE NO NOS MATÓ". Marta M. Requeiro Dueñas
CLICK EN LA IMAGEN DEBAJO
PARA EL LIBRO EN INGLÉS.

Click debajo para que vea este
hermoso libro de Manolo Pozo.
"Aurora-Poesía": Nuevo libro de Manolo Pozo. Escritor, Periodista Independiente, fue durante 14 años columnista del periódico "20 de Mayo", Ex-Prisionero Político cubano y Miembro del Nuevo Presidio Político Plantado.

 Sobre el Mártir Oswaldo Payá:
OSWALDO PAYA SARDIÑAS: NOTAS DE PRENSA, DOCUMENTOS, VIDEOS, NOTICIAS.

Sobre Orlando Zapata.
ORLANDO ZAPATA TAMAYO. MÁRTIR DE CUBA. VIDEOS, ARTÍCULOS, OPINIONES, DOCUMENTOS Y NOTICIAS.

Cuba: Damas de Blanco.
DAMAS DE BLANCO

Noticias sobre Venezuela:
TODO SOBRE VENEZUELA.

Canal YouTube de CDV.ORG
CANAL YOU TUBE DE CubaDemocracia y Vida.org

Canal VIMEO de CDV.ORG
Canal VIMEO de CubaDemocraciayVida.org

ESTADO DE SATS: ENTREVISTA Y NOTICIAS.

EL BLOG DE DANILO MALDONADO, "EL SEXTO".
MOVIMIENTO CRISTIANO LIBERACION
YUSNABY POST.
CUBANOS DE ADENTRO Y DE ABAJO
PUENTE DEMOCRATICO
VIDEOS DESDE CUBA: CRIOLLO "LBERAL".
ESTADO DE SATS. PÁGINA WEB: Foro de Análisis...
PRO CUBA LIBRE
NEO CLUB
ARCHIVO CUBA
LIBERTAD DIGITAL
TELEVISIÓN ESPAÑOLA EN VIVO. TRES CANALES EN DIRECTO: CANAL 24H, CANAL 1 DE LA TVE Y CANAL DE DEPORTE.
BLOG DEL DR. MICHAEL LARRONDO: Médicos Disidentes sin Censura.
FOROFILO: Blog de Filosofía del Dr. Alberto Roteta Dorado.
MISCELANEAS DE CUBA
 



  • Content Management System SimpleCMS

    ©2005-2017 Cuba Democracia y Vida.
    E-mail: info@cubademocraciayvida.org